As the transportation hub in South China, Guangzhou has been equipped with complete transportation infrastructure, including state-of-art Baiyun International Airport, Guangzhou Port that lists among the top ten ports in the world, and the network of railways, expressways and quick urban rails extending in all directions. By 2010, Guangzhou will have basically completed the construction of a modernized traffic network featuring “three ports and two quick ways” (airport, seaport and information port as well as expressways and quick rails).
i. Sea transportation
Guangzhou Port is the largest comprehensive hub port in South China. Starting from the sea outfall of Pearl River to the port lay Humen Port District, which neighbors Hong Kong, Xinsha Port District, Huangpu Port District and Downtown Port District in sequence. The port connects over300 ports in 80 countries and regions around the world. With its location at the intersection of Dongjiang River, Xijiang River and Beijiang River. The port joins railways, expressways and airports to create a highly developed traffic network in the city. In2007, the throughput of the port reached 341 million tons, among which the container throughput hit 9.2036 million TEU, up by 38.3% Currently, the port has accelerated its construction of Nansha Port District to realize its development from a hinterland port to a sea port, growing itself into a modernized international port as well as the largest modern logistics hub in South China.
ii. Land transportation
Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, Guangzhou-Maoming Railway, Guangzhou-Meizhou- Shantou Railway, Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway, Guangzhou-Kowloon Quasi High-speed Railway, Guangzhou-Zhuhai-Macao Railway and Wuhan-Guangzhou Passenger Line under construction form an all-directional railway network. New Guangzhou Railway Station under construction will become one of the four passenger transport railway centers in the country and the top-level station in Asia with the largest scale.
Guangzhou also boasts a highway network with the downtown as center, National Highway
105, 106, 107, 205 and 324 as major arteries, and three inner rings as links, all of which connects all national highways leading to over 97% counties, towns and cities in Guangdong Province as well as other neighboring provinces and cities. Rapid development of the city’ s traffic facilities and expressway construction contribute to the main skeleton of a quick urban transport network. They consists of inner rings, round-city highway, North Second- ring Highway, New International Airport Highway, the first phase of Huanan Nan Lu, Guangyuan Dong Lu and four radial lines of inner rings.
The construction of Guangzhou Metro has been accelerated on a full scale. In 2006, the operation mileage of metro lines amounted to 116 kilometers, which exceeds that in Beijing for the first time and gets close to Shanghai. By 2010, Guangzhou will get possession of nine metro lines with the total mileage of 255 kilometers that covers all districts of the city and major cities in the Pearl River Delta.
iii. Air transportation
Located in the northern part of Guangzhou and 22 kilometers away from city downtown,
Baiyun International Airport, the first large-scale modernized airport on the Chinese mainland designed and built in conformity to the hub airport mode, has been named by Civil Aviation Administration of China one of the three hub airports in the country. The new airport, joining the railway station and Nansha Port, has strengthened the city’s role as a transportation hub. The airport can satisfy all needs for the maximum takeoff weight of the largest airplane. In 2007, the passenger throughput of the airport reached 30.955 million person-time, ranking the second among all mainland airports and become one of the large- scale hub airports worldwide.